In the presence of more rigid deformities the intermetatarsal angle is reduced by using a distal or proximal osteotomy of the first metatarsal. Such osteotomies can be tec hnically challenging. A rather daunting list of consequences and potential complications include delayed union, malunion, nonunion, excessive shortening of the first metatarsal, avascular necrosis, hardware failure and prolonged protected ambulation. This adjustment will apply mainly to Shimano and Look pedals. If you use Time pedals there isn't much angle adjustment but the pedals themselves have lateral and rotational float so your foot will find it's correct position naturally. Speedplay pedals have a rotational adjustment on the cleat to adjust for this. FES devices are currently used for foot drop, a clinical condition seen in patients with stroke or partial spinal cord injury where weak or paralyzed muscles cause the toes to catch on the ground while walking, leading to trips and falls. FES can be activated with shoe sensors, or coordinated with walking movements, to stimulate muscles and lift the toes at the appropriate time during a step. An Orono podiatrist is on the cusp of a technological breakthrough with a new medical instrument — an electronic tuning fork — that he’s developing with assistance from students and staff at the University of Maine’s Advanced Manufacturing Center. Plantar fasciitis is a condition wherein the sufferer feels significant pain in the heels very first thing in the morning and after long periods of inactivity such as after long lunches. The pain can sometimes be so severe in the heels that walking or moving around can be a real challenge. The pain usually goes away after some period of normal activity, but returns back the next day and the day after and so on like clockwork. Find out more answers about Physiotherapists in Toronto and other foot related problems at www.donmillshealthcare.com, Toronto Health Care Centre offers a wide variety of services chiropractic health care,Toronto orthodontist and physiotherapy etc. Metalarsalgia are mainly caused due to a medical condition but besides this any change in the type of physical activity or way of living can trigger this ailment. Anything which increases the pressure on the ball of the foot will lead to the onset of Metatarsalgia. Traditional remedies include giving the foot adequate rest, making changes in the lifestyle and stopping any intense physical activity. If you are a sportsperson then you may have to take a break from high impact sports activities as well. You can change the type of footwear you wear and opt for something which will give you comfort. Rugby's unparalled differences in position and requirements means that when it comes to rugby match fitness, cookie cutter programmes just won't cut it. There really is no substitute for hard work. But balls to the wall stuff, focusing on laps of the training field just won't cut it. 4 x 400m do not take into account the physical nature of rugby - the fact that once you are hit then contact running becomes the last thing on your mind! There really is no easy way to condition for optimal rugby fitness. Just alot of work and preparation in all departments of speed, strength, endurance and power. Often, there is nothing like a good old foot massage to relieve aching feet A wonderful device that has helped my feet is called the Foot Log The Foot Log is a scientifically designed foot massager that is soft and durable. It is shaped like a log, about 12" long by about 2" diameter. It has several little rubber nubs that, as you roll your feet on top of it, massages all of the pressure points on the bottom of your feet This stimulates circulation and helps the muscles relax. This is a very good tool for targeting the pain in the ball of your feet The best way to deal with this kind of foot pain is to attempt to fix it while the problem is still not as serious as it can get. When you start feeling pain under your feet on a consistent basis then it's time to go check it out and see exactly what is going on. It may be a false alarm but you simply cannot take the risk of not knowing for sure. It is better to be safe than sorry as many people say. There are some excellent resources online for learning stretches and strengthening exercises for bulging discs, including a free course I offer at my website One of the primary causes for pain in the ball of the foot is metatarsalgia, which is inflammation in the ball of the foot, usually caused by ill-fitting shoes which put improper stress on the foot or by overexertion in running and jumping. Morton's neuroma, which is characterized by pain and numbness in the ball of the foot due to nerve problems, is also generally caused by wearing high heels or shoes that are too tight. Sesamoiditis causes pain in the ball of the foot from inflammation in the tendons attached to the big toe. If you have foot pain that is not cause by any kind of condition you need to try these things. Go to your drugstore and get on that machine and let it assess your foot situation then buy the orthotics they suggest. You will love the way your feet feel. In my opinion these are blessing. I was not contacted by Dr. Scholl's or anything, and I am not getting paid to endorse their product. I just find that when I find something that can make people's lives better I need to share the information.